One of the diseases spreading amongst teenagers all around the world today is the infectious mononucleosis, which is also refered to as Kiss disease. College students and young adults are the set of individuals constituting the niche of victims living with the disease. Its widespread is widely recorded in developing countries of the world. The disease is contagious and can spread in a twinkle of an eye. It affects a number of blood cells in the body when it is contacted.
Infectious mononucleosis is a disease caused by a number of pathogens. However, the most prominent cause of the disease is a virus known as primary Epstein-Barr Virus ]EBV] infection. The disease is transmitted through direct mouth contacts, cough, sneeze and kisses. How the disease spreads among pre-adolescents is a mystery yet to be discovered by medical experts. Although, air seems to be the medium through which the disease is spread in people who haven’t kisses before. When a person living with the disease coughs or sneezes, air may take the disease and dole another individual the virus.
If a person once had an EBV infection, such individual is less likely to be attacked by the same virus again. In the United States and other developed countries, a lot of children do not have this infection in their early years of life. The disease is rampant amongst high school and college students.
WHAT CAUSES KISS DISESASE?
The chief cause of this disease is EBV, and a lot of people living with mononucleosis are diagnosed with the EBV infection. A report released by the Center for Disease Control and Prevention showed that mononucleosis occur in 25% of people diagnosed with EBV infection. However, there are a lot of other pathogens responsible for this disease.
WHAT ARE THE SYMTOMS OF KISS DISEASE?
It takes EBV an approximate period of 4 to 6 weeks to incubate before it finally begins to become noticeable through certain signs and symptoms. However, the incubation period may not last as long as this in young children. Signs and symptoms associated with Kiss disease include the following:
Sore throat: The sore throat experience is sometimes like that of tonsillitis. It is sometimes mild but often swollen and reddish. It makes an individual experience pains while swallowing. If you experience this symptom persistently, see your doctor.
Swollen tonsils: Kiss disease is reported to have been a cause of swollen tonsils. The effect of this is sometimes severe and is capable of blocking the free passage of breath.
Swollen lymph nodes: The lymph glands in the body are susceptible to swelling while the immune system keeps fighting the EBV infection in the body. This results to swollen lymph nodes in the body, and the most prominent nodes affected areas the ones located in the neck and armpit regions.
Fever: Fever is one of the symptoms of mononucleosis. If it persists for days, you may need to visit a doctor for proper diagnostic test.
Other symptoms include: Headache, itchless skin rashes and fatigue.
COMPLICATIONS OF KISS DISESASE
- Spleen enlargement
Mononucleosis causes swelling of the spleen. It could also lead to abrupt rupture often the spleen which subsequently results into sharp and sudden pain experience in the left side of the upper abdomen. If immediate medical attention is not taken, it could lead to surgical operations.
- Heart problems
Mononucleosis can lead to inflammation of myocarditis (muscle of the heart)
Mononucleosis causes a low count of platelets. Platelets are blood cells responsible for blood clotting.
- Jaundice and liver inflammation
Jaundice is another symptom that can be traced to kiss disease. It’s characterized by whitening of the eye and yellowing of the skin. Hepatitis is another liver-related problem associated with mononucleosis. This is mostly common in people of 30 years of age and above.
If you experience any of these, you’re probably infected with EBV, and a visit to your doctor as soon as it is noticed might save you a lot.
This is a decrease in the level of red blood cells and drastic decrease in haemoglobin. Haemoglobin is a component of red blood cells and is rich in iron.
The Epstein-Barr Virus can lead to exacerbation of health matters in patients with serious ailment such as HIV & AIDS.
TREATMENT OF KISS DISEASE
Medical experts have opined that there is no particular treatment or cure for mononucleosis. Only the symptoms can be corrected by adhering to a particular medical routine. Ordinarily, mononucleosis can disappear after about 4 to 6 weeks without any treatment. However, symptoms associated with the disease can be controlled with the following:
Drinking enough fluids regularly
When you begin to notice fever in your body system, you may resolve to drinking fluids regularly to prevent dehydration. When you notice sore throats, it will be pretty hard to swallow food. In that case, drink fluids regularly. Fluids do not cause so much pain when swallowing as solid food.
Corticosteroids are sometimes recommended when breathing becomes difficult or tonsils become very inflamed.
Using pain killer drugs
Pains and fever can be controlled effectively by taking to painkiller medications. Drugs such as paracetamol or Ibuprofen are good painkillers you can always purchase over the counter as well as on the internet. However, a patient below age 16 is not advised to use drugs like Aspirin.
When kiss disease is first noticed via the symptoms outlined above, such person may feel very weak to the bones, and carrying out his/her daily activities may be very hard to do. Enough rest helps to regain full recovery especially if the sickness is within its first month of notice.
Gargling with salt water has helped a lot, especially to relieve pains resulting from sore throat.
PREVENTION OF KISS DISEASE
Mononucleosis can be prevented by not allowing people living with the disease kiss you because it is mainly spread through saliva. People who live with the disease should also desist from deliberately spreading the virus through sharing of food, utensils, dishes and kisses.